April 16, 2023
Bursitis is a common condition that occurs when the small, fluid-filled sacs called bursae become inflamed. Bursae are located throughout the body and serve as cushions between bones and soft tissues like tendons and muscles. When they become inflamed, it can lead to pain, swelling, and limited range of motion.
There are many types of bursitis, but some of the most common types include shoulder bursitis, hip bursitis, and knee bursitis. Each of these types has unique symptoms and treatment options.
Causes of bursitis can include overuse or repetitive movements, injury or trauma, infection, and certain medical conditions like arthritis or gout.
Symptoms of bursitis can vary depending on the location of the inflamed bursa, but common symptoms include pain, swelling, tenderness, and limited range of motion in the affected joint. In some cases, the skin over the affected area may also be red and warm to the touch.
Imaging findings for bursitis can include swelling or fluid buildup around the affected joint, as seen on x-ray or MRI.
Treatment options for bursitis can include rest and avoiding activities that exacerbate the symptoms, ice and heat therapy to reduce pain and inflammation, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and inflammation, and corticosteroid injections to reduce swelling and pain.
Exercise can also play an important role in the management of bursitis. Strengthening exercises for the muscles around the affected joint can help improve overall function and reduce the strain on the inflamed bursa. Range of motion exercises and stretching can also help improve flexibility and reduce stiffness.
In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the inflamed bursa or repair any damage to the affected joint.
If you suspect you have bursitis, it is important to seek medical attention from a qualified healthcare provider. With proper diagnosis and management, most people with bursitis can recover fully and return to their normal activities.